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Ancient Yi Garden
Located in Nanxiang, a town in the Jiading District of Shanghai, Ancient Yi Garden is 21 kilometers (about 13 mi) from the city center. Built originally during the reign of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the garden had been named simply ‘Yi Garden’. It was subsequently renamed during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) when it was massively restored.
Ancient Yi Garden ranks first among the five classical gardens of Shanghai. The four other gardens are the Drunk Pool Garden, Autumn Sightseeing Garden (Qiupu Garden), Zigzag Water Garden and Yuyuan Garden. Covering over 1.5 ha (17,940 sq yd), the overall garden is divided into four main scenic areas: Yi Garden, Flower Fragrance Park, Crane in Stream Pond and Moonlit Bamboo Park. Its main features are Ming Style Architectures, Paths with Motifs, Green Bamboos, Couplets Scrolls and Poems and Tranquil Streams.
The Angle Missing Pavilion, Tranquil Pavilion, White Crane Pavilion, Moon Painting Corridor and Small Cloud Rockery are the main scenic spots in Yi Garden. The Pavilions and buildings here are virtually featured in typical Jiangnan residences. The buildings are mainly constructed around water, presenting the artistic conception of “pavilions are all surrounded by water, and mountains to show their elegance despite their number.”
Decorated with small tiles and pantiles, the buildings are designed with hollowed out patterns on the roof ridges. The eaves, gates and windows are painted with plain but elegant colors. All the designs and patterns of these buildings are of a typical Ming Dynasty style.
The Angle Missing Pavilion is located on the top of Bamboo Hill. It is a patriotic symbolization which was built to record the anger of the Chinese people when the three provinces in northeastern China were invaded. The pavilion features three angles, not four, the lost angle representing the loss of the three provinces in northeastern China at that time.
Flower Fragrance Park
Crane in Stream Pond
The layout of the garden has focused on Teasing Goose Pond since the Ming Dynasty. As this is a large garden, the streams within it flow for quite long distances between pools that vary in size and shape. After several restorations, some water sceneries such as the Teasing Goose Pond, Mandarin Duck Lake, Pond of Lotus and Lake of Turtle Mound have been connected to form a coherent water landscape. As the visitors walks along the paths that wind through the carefully created landscape, fresh vistas and scenic spots come into view. The ponds act as mirrors clearly reflecting the pavilions.
Moonlit Bamboo Garden
Paths with motifs are another feature of the garden. These paths are made not only for walking, but also for appreciating as art works. The materials and shapes of these featured paths vary from one scenic spot to another. The common paths are made of ordinary sand and little stones. Paths around the pavilions are made of scree and tile fragments forming mosaics of animals and plants. Paths around the rockery are shaped like a dragon. These special paths serve as guides for the visitors leading them to each of the different scenic spots.
The visitor appeal of Ancient Yi Garden is enriched by special seasonal events. For example, the Bamboo Culture Art Festival, Lotus Exhibition, Peony Club and New Year Lantern Riddles Competitions all form part of these special events.